Spain has a high rate of tariff coverage. According to the European Business Survey, it is almost 90%, which corresponds to SES data (92%). Most workers are subject to collective agreements with several employers at the national, regional and provincial levels. According to Spanish collective bargaining statistics, company contracts signed in 2015 covered about 5% of all workers covered by collective agreements. In companies with fewer than 25 employees, the Public Wage Guarantee Fund (Fondo de Garantía Salarial) pays 40% of the workers` legal compensation in the event of collective redundancies. Employers and workers are free to negotiate working conditions, but must comply with the minimum standards set by Spanish and regional legislation, including the standards established in all applicable collective agreements. More recently, the Spanish Strategy for Health and Safety at Work 2015-2020 (Estrategia Española de Seguridad y Salud en el Trabajo 2015-2020) aims to promote the participation of the social partners and the Autonomous Communities and to improve working and occupational health conditions, in particular in the sectors, activities, higher-risk collectives and businesses. More specifically, it includes the development and dissemination of psychosocial risk assessment methods that could lead to a better understanding and prevention of psychosocial risks. Agreements usually last two years or more. Official statistics of collective agreements in 2010 show that out of a total of 5,067 contracts registered this year, only 1,460 were signed for the first time in 2010 (the remaining 3,607 were signed earlier and revised in 2010). Of those first signed in 2010, 1,199 (82.1%) were multi-year contracts and only 261 (17.9%) lasted one year.
The collective agreement (as defined in Title III of the Workers` Statute) is an instrument for regulating the workplace, since workers` and employers` representatives negotiate the rights and obligations contained in the agreement. The collective agreement is an official document between trade unions and companies and defines the working conditions of a given sector. These agreements are different in Spain depending on the autonomous community in which you are located. Under Article 82(3) of the Workers` Statute, collective agreements (SAAs) which meet the legal requirements are binding on all employers and workers who are included in their scope and for the duration for which they are in force. The year showed a consolidation of growth, a fall in the unemployment rate and an increase in real wages. . . .